Wikipedia talk:Articles for creation/Co-operative Socialism
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Co-operative Socialism ...
The Term Co-operative Socialism is being used/has been used to define a political/policy/action space in the south-eastern quadrant of a two-dimensional, four quadrant map that has Reactionary-to-Progressive as axis markers on the west-to-east (horizontal, or, x-) axis and Authoritarian-to-Experiential on the north-to-south (vertical, or, y-). (See the Network Project web reference cited below.)
Since the contemporary use of this term is emergent, it is well-considerd as an example of an evolving paradigm.
Before noting contemporary uses of the term 'Co-operative Socialism', two aspects are worthy of consideration.
- 1 Origins and punctuation of the term 'Co-operative'
- 2 Usage of the term 'Co-operative Socialism' prior to ca 1995
- 3 Contemporary usage (ca 1995 onwards) of the term 'Co-operative Socialism'
- 4 References
- 5 External links
- 6 Blog, listserv entries
Origins and punctuation of the term 'Co-operative'The international organisation, the International Co-operative Alliance (now based in Geneva, soon to move to Brussels, and initially set up in England) uses the initially-adopted form of spelling and punctuation: 'Co-operative'. Various alternatives (including the unpunctuated form 'cooperative', that with one capitalised O, 'Co-Operative' and another including a diaresis/umlaut attached to either the capiatlised or not-capitalised second letter o, are much less used world-wide and hardly ever used within the Co-operative Movement (see the web-site of the International Co-operative Alliance (the ICA) www.ica.coop for typical usage within the Co-operative Movement).
Related terms such as co-operator (a member of a co-operative), co-operation (a personal, social, economic and/or ecological relationship) and so on are generally so hyphenated, as is the usual abbreviation for a Co-operative, 'Co-op' (this distinguishes a Co-op from a coop).
In French, the unhyphenated term cooperatif has now largely replaced a hyphenated form (see an article in an 1827 issue of Quarterly Reviews). In the United States, the unhyphenated form 'cooperation' is used to indicate a spectrum of relationship from compliance (in the sense of, 'cooperate with me (or else)') to the internationally-recognised form of co-operative relationship: ie, one that accords with the, periodically-refreshed 'Statement on the Co-operative Identity' - see the web-pages of The International Co-operative Alliance, a book by Sven Ake-Book and others by Ian MacPherson (the former Chair of the ICA committe that helped produce the most recent Statement on the Co-operative Identity.
It has been suggested that the altered definition and removal of the hyphen are an example of pejoration (see the on-line article at Co-opnet 'Save the Hyphen').
Spelling and punctuation in use and in Style Guides for organisations such as 'The Guardian' (in the UK) and the Canadian Press Association (in Canada, and which is, itself a Co-operative) currently (June 2012) adopt the hyphenated, ICA usage. The rationale for the proper and/or preferred hyphenated and not-hyphenated terms such as co-operation, nonviolence, not-peace, etc may be related.
Furthermore, web-based search Engines (such as Google) return different sets and priorities of search results.
Usage of the term 'Co-operative Socialism' prior to ca 1995
Histories of Socialism and/or Co-operatives/Co-operation/the Co-operative MovementThe term 'Co-operative Socialism' is extensively used in Volume 1 of 'A History of British Socialism' by Max Beer (including a facsimile edition produced by Spokesman Books, Nottingham, England), somewhat so in books by CR Faye and less so, for example, 'A Century of Co-operation' (1944, GDH Cole, The Co-operative Union, Manchester, England).
'Co-operative Socialism' (sic) in GuyanaAfter independence, Guyana (formerly 'British Guyana') introduced a form of social/political/economic organisation term 'Co-operative Socialism'. It is not clear what relationaship had to the international co-operative movement. Subsequent writers (often from within Guyana) have written (negatively) critical histories of this period.
Contemporary usage (ca 1995 onwards) of the term 'Co-operative Socialism'The Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (the CCPA), in its winter 2009/2010 issues of 'The CCPA Monitor' published five articles (Parts I-V) under the heading 'The Campaign for Co-operative Socialism'. Subsequently, in may 2010, the CCPA produced these five articles as a 'CCPA Monitor Readings on Co-operative Socialism'.
Related, earlier materials were web-published at the web sites of the Campaign for Interestfree Money www.interestfreemoney.org and the Network Project www.thenetworkproject.org.uk on their Papers pages.
Co-operative Socialism, Dictionary entriesOxford Dictionary of British History, John Cannon, Oxford University Press,2009: See entries 'Socialism' and 'Socialism, Christian'
Guyana/Co-operative SocialismKR Hope - 1973 RS Milne - 1974 Dependency Under Challenge: The Political Economy of the Commonwealth Caribbean Anthony Payne, Paul K. Sutton, 1984: Clive Y Sutton, Chaper 3, Guyana: the rise and fall of 'co-operative socialism' (Author's parentheses)
Co-operative Socialism, Other booksA Century of Co-operation, GDH Cole, The Co-operative Union, 1944
A History of British Socialism, Volume 1, Max Beer, facsimile copy with added illustrations, preface and introduction, Spokesman Books, Nottingham
British co-operation: the history, principles and organisation of the British Co-operative Movement, Arnold Bonner, Co-operative Union, 1970, p9 quoting Max Beer, op ci
Economic equality in the co-operative commonwealth, Herbert Stanley Jevons, Methuen, 1933, p xi, p270
The way to co-operative socialism Amlan Datta Radial Humanist, 1958
Christian Socialism and Cooperation in Victorian England: Edward Vansittart Neale and the Co-operative Movement, Philip N. Backstrom, Taylor & Francis, 1974, p59
http://www.interestfreemoney.org/papers/ Fabian Society manuscript, 1999 with 2001 postscript The Way Forward: Co-operative Socialism
http://www.interestfreemoney.org/papers/courtneidge.pdf 'Co-operative Socialism: Theory and Practice' and Presentation at the 'Contesting Capitalism: Practices & Strategies' Collective for Alternative Organisation Studies (CAOS) conference, School of Management, University of Leicester 18 May 2005 New ideas of socialism www.sussex.ac.uk/Users/ssfa2/newideas.pdf Luke Martell, 1992, Economy and Society Volume 21 Number 2 May 1992
Rescuing the middle ground: neo-liberalism and associational ... www.sussex.ac.uk/Users/ssfa2/middleground.pdf Luke Martell, 1993, Economy and Society Volume 22 Number 1 February 1993
Blog, listserv entrieshttp://www.co-opnet.coop/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=381 A Co-operative Socialist Manifesto, john courtneidge, Mon May 01, 2006